The previous months have been busy for the International Charter ‘Space and Major Disasters’. Since August 2013 the Charter has been activated 23 times in total, including for the severely affected countries Philippines and Vietnam by super typhoon ‘Haiyan’.
November 11, 2013 23:50 UTC – last update on November 18, 2013 15:45 UTC
The typhoon “Haiyan” is one of the most powerful storms ever recognized, and has caused devastating demolition in the Philippines. Officials estimate more than 3,000 people have died. Hundreds of thousands of people are displaced. The Federal Agency for Technical Relief (THW) tasked the Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information (ZKI) with the creation of satellite image based situation information.
During the last four months the International Charter ‘Space and Major Disasters’ was triggered nine times: In April for China (earthquake), in May for Bangladesh (cyclone) and Chile/Argentina (volcano eruption), in June for Germany, India and Argentina (flooding each), and in July for Canada (technical accident), China (earthquake) and Thailand (flooding).
As the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in collaboration with the Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK) demonstrated in Stuttgart, Germany, remote sensing can significantly contribute to situation awareness in the context of civil defense.